Fecha de la publicación: 14/02/2020
Autor: Xavier Jimenez-Guiu (1), Antonio Romera-Villegas (2), Malka Huici-Sanchez (2), Carlos Martinez-Rico (2), Ramon Vila-Coll (2)
1Angiology and Vascular Surgery Unit, Bellvitge University Hospital, Hospitalet del Llobregat, Spain. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
2Angiology and Vascular Surgery Unit, Bellvitge University Hospital, Hospitalet del Llobregat, Spain.
Objective: Our goal was to analyze the utility of the age-adjusted D-dimer cutoff value in patients with clinically suspected deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in an ambulatory care setting, including distal DVTs.
Methods: This was an observational cohort study of 606 outpatients older than 18 years presenting with low or moderate clinical suspicion of lower limb DVT (measured by Wells scale). D-dimer levels were obtained, and duplex ultrasound was performed (including femoropopliteal and below-knee veins). We calculated sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive D-dimer values and when to apply the age-adjusted D-dimer cutoff value (D-dimer threshold = age × 10 μg/L). We split patients older than 50 years into 10-year age groups. We constructed receiver operating characteristic curves of the D-dimer test for each group to find the best threshold (defined as the value of D-dimer that gives more specificity, maintaining the maximum possible sensitivity).
Results: There were 249 men and 357 women with a mean age of 69.3 years; 41 patients were diagnosed with DVT. At a D-dimer threshold of 250 μg/L, sensitivity was 93%, specificity was 8%, positive predictive value was 7%, and negative predictive value was 94%. When the age-adjusted cutoff level was applied, global sensitivity was 76% and specificity 61%; positive predictive value was 12%, and negative predictive value was 97%. False-negative rate was 24%. We split patients older than 50 years into 10-year age groups: 50 to 60 years, 60 to 70 years, 70 to 80 years, and >80 years. The optimum thresholds were, respectively, 526 μg/L, 442.5 μg/L, 475 μg/L, and 549. μg/L.
Conclusions: In our series, the age-adjusted D-dimer cutoff level is not useful in the diagnostic algorithm of DVT.
Copyright © 2019 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.