Doppler Ultrasound as a Unique Diagnosis Test in Peripheral Arterial Disease

Ann Vasc Surg . 2021 May;73:205-210. doi: 10.1016/j.avsg.2020.10.027. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Fecha de la publicación: 26/11/2020

Autor: Elena García-Rivera (1), Noelia Cenizo-Revuelta (2), María Antonia Ibáñez-Maraña (2), Liliana Fidalgo-Domingos (2), Isabel Estévez-Fernández (2), Cintia Flota-Ruiz (2), Enrique M San Norberto (2), Carlos Vaquero-Puerta (2)



1Department of Angiology and Vascular Surgery, Valladolid University Hospital, Valladolid, Spain. Electronic address:

2Department of Angiology and Vascular Surgery, Valladolid University Hospital, Valladolid, Spain.


Background: The aim of this study was to analyze duplex ultrasound (DUS) and intraoperative angiography concordance for diagnosis of lower limb peripheral artery disease and its value for surgical planning.

Materials and methods: This was a prospective, observational study, including patients who underwent revascularization of the lower limbs during 2018, diagnosed by DUS only or combined with preoperative computed tomography (CT) angiography. The concordance between preoperative DUS or CT angiography and the intraoperative angiography was studied using the Cohen kappa coefficient (k). The degree of agreement between the DUS-based surgical plan and the final surgical technique was also evaluated.

Results: Fifty-one patients were included, with mean age of 71.8 ± 11.96 years (46-94); 23 had chronic kidney disease (45%). In 17 patients (34%), preoperative CT angiography was also performed. DUS showed a sensitivity of 100% (95% confidence interval (CI) [83.3-100%]), 80% (95% CI [50.21-100%,]), and 100% (95% CI [96.43-100%]) at the iliac, femoral, and popliteal sector, respectively, and a specificity of 93.55% (95% CI [83.29-100%]), 95.45% (95% CI [84.48-100%]), and 90.48% (95% CI [75.54-100%]) at the iliac, femoral, and popliteal sector, respectively. The positive predictive value for DUS was 60% (95% CI [7.06-100%]), 88.9% (95% CI [62.8-100%]), and 87.5% (95% CI [68.17-100%]) for the iliac, femoral, and popliteal sectors, respectively, whereas the negative predictive value was 100% (95% CI [98.28-100%]), 91.3% (95% CI [77.61-100%]), and 100% (95% CI, [97.37-100%]). The concordance between DUS and intraoperative angiography showed a k index of 0.587 (P = 0.000) in the iliac sector, 0.799 in the femoral sector (P = 0.000), and 0.699 in the popliteal sector (P = 0.000). The concordance between CT angiography/intraoperative angiography had a k index of 0.71 in the iliac sector (P = 0.0093), 0.566 in the femoral sector (P = 0.006), and 0.5 in the popliteal sector (P = 0.028). DUS-based surgical plan was accurate in 86% of cases (n = 44).

Conclusions: Our experience suggests that DUS arterial mapping of the femoral and popliteal areas is better than CT angiography and can be considered as a unique preoperative imaging test during the surgical planning in patients undergoing a lower limb revascularization procedure.