Climatic influence on the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture

Vasc Med . 2020 Oct;25(5):443-449. doi: 10.1177/1358863X20923399. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Fecha de la publicación: 09/07/2020

Autor: Gaspar Mestres (1), María Alejandra Díaz (1), Alejandro Fierro (1), Xavier Yugueros (1), Paolo Tripodi (1), Vincent Riambau (1)

Palabras clave: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), Aortic rupture, Climatic processes, Endovascular procedures, Vascular grafting; weather



1Vascular Surgery Division, Cardiovascular Institute, Hospital Clínic, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.


Our aim is to examine the effects of climatic conditions on the incidence of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAA) in Catalonia, Spain. We combined clinical data from the Public Health official registries in Catalonia, Spain (HD-MBDS) of all rAAA with local climatic data obtained from the closest meteorological station (69 stations, National Meteorological Service: MeteoCat) from 2008 to 2017. We analyzed the median, maximum, minimum, and variability of atmospheric pressure (hPa) and air temperature (°C), solar irradiation (MJ/m2), humidity (%), accumulated precipitation (mm), median wind, and maximum flaw direction and velocity (°, m/s), recorded on the days of events, the previous day, and mean results for 3, 7, and 30 days before, as well as seasonality. Seventy-five control days were randomly selected in a 1-year period around every rAAA day at the same meteorological station, and compared. A total of 717 days and locations with rAAA were identified, and 53,775 controls were randomly selected. For the rAAA days, there were significantly lower temperatures, lower solar global irradiation, and higher mean humidity levels in all time periods (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p < 0.05); higher atmospheric pressure variability during 1 week and 1 month before (p = 0.011, p = 0.007); and they often occurred during autumn/winter (57.6%, p < 0.001). Logistic regression identified low mean temperatures on the days of ruptures and high mean humidity the week before as independent rupture predictors. In conclusion, low median temperatures the same day and high humidity during 1 week before were identified as independent predictors of rAAA occurrence. The role of climate on pathophysiologic mechanisms may require further investigation.