Aortic Curvature Remodeling after Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair: Assessing Device Conformability, Using Image Vector Analysis

Ann Vasc Surg . 2019 Apr;56:216-223. doi: 10.1016/j.avsg.2018.09.019. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Fecha de la publicación: 27/11/2018

Autor: Gaspar Mestres (1), Carla Blanco (2), Isaac Martinez (3), Jorge Fernandez Noya (4), Gabriel C Inaraja-Pérez (5), Jose Antonio Del Castro (6), Luís Miguel Salmeron (7), Nahieli Malo (2), Vincent Riambau (2)



1Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

2Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, Spain.

3Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain.

4Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

5Hospital Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, Spain.

6Hospital Universitario Central Asturias, Oviedo, Spain.

7Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, Spain.


Background: Aortic arch curvature can be straightened by endograft placement. However, different measurement methods with dissimilar follow-up and endografts have been published. The aim of this study was to corroborate, for the first time, the pliability of the Conformable Gore TAG Thoracic Endoprosthesis (W.L. Gore and Associates, Flagstaff, AZ, USA) into the aortic arch, using different image vector analysis.

Material and methods: We, retrospectively, analyzed patients primarily treated for thoracic aortic aneurysms and blunt traumatic aortic injuries by means of a Conformable Gore TAG Thoracic Endoprosthesis endograft proximally sealed into the aortic arch (zones Z1-Z3) in five different Spanish centers, between 2010 and 2017. The preoperative, one-month and six-month postoperative, computed tomography angiographies (CTAs) were obtained, creating accurate 3D center lumen line and external lumen line from the aortic valve to the renal arteries. Three different image analysis methods were used to compare modifications of the aortic curvature: first, segment analysis (angulations of the center lumen line when divided into seven precise segments, examining anterior-posterior, right-left, and cranial-caudal displacement), second, center lumen line analysis (bending of the center lumen line itself in seven definite points), and third, expected behavior (length of the endograft in the external lumen line). Two independent observers performed a blind analysis of all CTAs. Changes between preoperative and postoperative CTAs at one and six months are compared, and differences are viewed between cases sealed proximally (Z1-Z2) and distally (Z3) into the aortic arch.

Results: We analyzed 37 cases. At 1- and 6-month follow-ups, minimal changes occurred first in segment analysis (only a slight decrease of -2.0° in the XY plane at 10 cm from the brachiocephalic trunk at six-month follow-up was seen, P = 0.027). Second, center lumen line analysis again only showed negligible aortic curvature straightening (+3.5° at 10 cm from the brachiocephalic trunk at one month, P = 0.006, disappearing at six-month follow-up). Finally, good device length predictability was shown (interclass correlation coefficients: 0.995 and 0.994 at one and six months, P > 0.001). No differences were seen between cases proximally sealed into the proximal and distal aortic arch.

Conclusions: Conformable Gore TAG Thoracic Endoprosthesis thoracic endograft showed a good pliability into the aortic arch and proximal thoracic aorta, with minimal changes in the aortic curvature after endograft placement in the short-term follow-up (up to six months). In addition, final endograft length into outer aortic curvature is highly predictable.