Fecha de la publicación: 12/10/2021
Autor: Elena García-Rivera (1), Enrique M San Norberto (2), Liliana Fidalgo-Domingos (3), Álvaro Revilla-Calavia (1), Isabel Estévez-Fernández (1), Noelia Cenizo-Revuelta (1), Miguel Martín-Pedrosa (1), Carlos Vaquero-Puerta (1)
1Department of Angiology and Vascular Surgery, Valladolid University Hospital, Valladolid, Spain.
2Department of Angiology and Vascular Surgery, Valladolid University Hospital, Valladolid, Spain – email@example.com.
3Department of Angiology and Vascular Surgery, Centro Hospitalar Universitario do Algarve, Faro, Portugal.
Background: A pro-inflammatory state and a poor nutritional status have been associated with severity and prognosis of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The clinical applicability of the different pre-operative nutritional and inflammatory biomarkers in patients with critical limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) was analyzed.
Methods: A retrospective observational study was performed, that included all patients with CLTI revascularized from January 2016 to July 2019. The inflammatory state was calculated using neutrophil/lymphocyte (NLR), lymphocyte/monocyte (LMR) and platelet/lymphocyte ratios (PLR). For nutritional status, the Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI) was calculated. Mortality and number of major amputations at 6 months and hospital length-of stay were studied.
Results: 310 patients were included. Higher levels of NLR and lower levels of PNI were associated with mortality (6.61±5.6 vs 3.98±3.27, p=0.034; 40.33±7.89 vs 45.73±7.48, p=0.05, respectively). Lower levels of PNI and LMR (42.57±7.82 vs 45.44±7.65, p=0.036; 2.77±1.61 vs 3.22±1.75, p=0.013, respectively) and higher levels of NLR (6.91±7.85 vs 3.94±2.57, p=0.023) were associated with major amputations. The mean hospital length-of-stay was higher in patients with lower levels of PNI and LMR (p=0.000 and p=0.003) and higher levels of NLR and PLR (p=0.001 and p=0.002). A PNI<42.87 predicted short-term mortality with a 66.7% of sensitivity and a 66.8% of specificity (p=0.000).
Conclusions: Our experience suggests that these inflammatory and nutritional biomarkers are independent predictors of short-term mortality and major amputations. In addition, our results suggest that PNI could be used to predict the short-term mortality with high sensitivity and specificity.